The Green Sea Turtle that is popularly known for its hard-shelled body is one of the largest sea turtle in the world. It belongs to the Cheloniidae family and its domain is Chelonia mydas.
Green Sea Turtles are usually found in the tropical and subtropical seas. They live in warm shallow water as they are cold-blooded animals and can not produce heat within the body themselves. They are called by the name Green Sea Turtle due to the fat within their own body under the carapace. They’re reptiles, ancestors of whose used to evolve in the land after and went back to the water for living.
This gorgeous creature can weigh up to 200 kilograms and grow 4-5 feet long. They have a gorgeous flat carapace which could be of various colours. Green Sea Turtles need oxygen to keep their physical activities functioning. They generally live under the water most of the time of the lifespan but they come on the sea surface to breathe-in oxygen. Their lungs are developed to provide them with the necessary supports that are needed to dive underwater for quite a long time. They have two big flippers that allows them to swim in the rate of 35 mph.
Juvenile Turtles are omnivorous and adults are usually herbivorous. They have the same enzyme as cattle to digest herbs.
They pass most of their lifespan under the sea but female turtles will need to come back to the land to lay eggs. Upon maturity, turtles need to perform good migration to lay eggs. Usually male turtles don’t accompany the female turtles while laying eggs. They mate the female turtles offshore. Male turtles attempt to mate every year but female turtles generally mate every two or three decades. It takes about 60 days to incubate eggs. The newborn turtles can come from the eggs themselves and head to the sea visiting the reflection of moon on the sea water.
This powerful animal usually gets sexually mature at the age of 25 and can live up to 80 years in the wild.
They’ve been declared as an endangered species by the IUCN (World Conservation Union) and CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species). This species has been endangered by numerous natural and human generated reasons. Erosion of sea-beaches and reclamation of sea lands hurt their nesting places. Unplanned tree plantation in the sea shore causes the disturbance in the proportion of the male and female turtles as the sex of turtles are determined by the incubator temperature that may be varied with the color of the trees. Artificial light sources near the sea shore also hamper the proper hatching procedure. Pollution of water causes some acute diseases into the turtles. It creates tumor which results in a disease known as fibropapillomatosis. In any case, because of being captured by people and eaten by predators such as shark, crab, sea fish, birds, they are getting extinct day by day.